Decapoda - Achelata - Palinuridae - Justitia

Justitia longimana (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)



World Distribution
Poupin (1994, Etudes & Thèses) - Worldwide. Western Atlantic, Bermudas, Florida, Cuba, Jamaica, Lesser Antilles (St Croix, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique), Brazil. Indo-west Pacific, Madagascar, Réunion, Mauritius, Taiwan, Japan, Hawaii, French Polynesia. 23-454 m, mostly 50-150 m.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow to deep-waters (e.g. 10-190 m) - Min-Max observed: 8-150 m

Réunion data
Justitia longimana - Monod & Postel, 1968 : 178 (Réunion dans le matériel examiné, coll. Paul Guézé, SW de Saint Denis, Baie de la Possession et Baie de Saint Paul, trémail de nuit, 80-100 m). - Crosnier, 1976 : 237 (Réunion, coll. P. Guézé, Le Port décembre 1972, casier et filet 100-150 m, MNHN) - Justitia longimanus - Poupin, 1994 : 48 (Réunion, spécimens de P. Guézé, MNHN). - Réunion, July 2014, photo in situ by A. Diringer, La Possession, 60 m.

New Caledonia data
Justitia longimanus - Poupin & Juncker, 2010, 184, distribution include New Caledonia.

Central Pacific data (Wallis & Futuna, Polynesia, Clipperton, Easter Island)
Justitia longimana - Poupin et al., 1990: 16 (French Polynesia; coll. Frv Marara, fr). - Justitia longimanus - Poupin, 1994b: 46, fig. 3e', pl. 1d, 2d (Bora Bora, Tahiti, Tenarunga, Rurutu; 62-160m); 1996a: 9, 96 (Checklist); 1996b: 14, pl. 6d (Bora Bora, Makemo, Maria, Raiatea, Rurutu, Tenarunga; 62-190m). - Unpublished specimens, coll. & det. G. Paulay, Tahiti, November 11, 21, Pt. Matakiae, east of Vairao, cavern in fore reef (FLMNH-UF 975).

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Croix), ICA (St Barthélemy, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique), IOV (Margarita, Blanquilla, Curaçao, Aruba). 8-150 m. Pantropical.
Palinurus longimanus H. Milne Edwards, 1837: 294, 'Habite les Antilles'. - Bouvier, 1925: 442, St Croix [R/V Blake, st. 134, 248 brasses]. - Schmitt, 1935: 173, St Croix.
Palinurus inermis (Pocock, 1890) - Rathbun, 1920a: 10, Aruba [coll. J. Boeke, 1905]. - Monod: 1939: 558 ['drague 8-10 m, Anse à la Barque, 1936, Guadeloupe' with this remark 'On pourrait, en présence de ce spécimen, songer au Palinurus longimanus …'; see comment].
Justitia longimana - Holthuis & Zaneveld, 1958: 17, Curaçao. - Rodríguez, 1980: 203, Curaçao [From literature].
Justitia longimanus - Holthuis, FAO, 1991: 109, fig. 206, distribution, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Margarita, Curaçao. - Paulmier, 1993: 21, Martinique [Trap, 150-200 m]. - Paulmier & Gervain, 1994: 10, tab. 2, Martinique [R/V Polka, deep trap]. - Poupin, 1994: 29, Guadeloupe [R/V Polka, 155 m, det. A. Crosnier (MNHN)]. - Scelzo & Varela, 1988: 36, Blanquilla. - Questel, 2014: 13, St Barthélemy.
Justitia longimana - Martinique - Photo in situ, La Baleine, 06/11/2008, La Perle, 04/02/2011, Nahoon, 28/01/2012, det. J. Poupin, Y. Buske. Copyright Y. Buske. - Guadeloupe - Karubenthos 2012, MNHN-IU-2013-6685, Macpherson E., Besse (mars 2013), GR40, JL1233, photo.
Comment: Palinurus inermis (Pocock) is a synonym of P. echinatus, a species distributed in Brazil, central and eastern Atlantic, but not in the Caribbean. Therefore Monod (1939) record in Guadeloupe is probably J. longimanus as he has suggested himself. The same probably apply for Rathbun (1920) record at Aruba.

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database