Decapoda - Brachyura - Xanthidae - Liomera

Liomera monticulosa (A. Milne-Edwards, 1873)



World Distribution
Distribution (Serène, 1984: 64): East of Africa, Madagascar, Kenya, Mauritius, Seychelles, to Japan, Australia, French Polynesia, Easter Island. - Sublittoral (0-40/100m); Hard bottom.
Serène (1984: 64) - Indo-ouest Pacifique de l'Afrique orientale, Madagascar, Seychelles, Maurice, au Japon, Australie, Polynésie française. Comprend, Réunion, Mayotte. Europa.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 0-70 m

Mayotte data
Liomera monticulosa (A. Milne-Edwards, 1873)
Material examined — Mayotte KUW 2009, st. 12a, La Prévoyante Reef, 6-11 m, 1 M 3.8 x 6.4 mm, MNHN B32350, MNHN-IU-2009-1125 (compared by R. Cléva with spp. in MNHN collection); st. 17, Northern Reef, 22 m, 1 M 3.0 x 5.1 mm., det. R. Cléva, MNHN B32379, MNHN-IU-2009-1152; st. 23, Choizil Pass, "Patate à Teddy", 15-30 m, 1 M 5.8 x 9.5 mm, 1 juv. MNHN B32366, MNHN-IU-2009-1139 (comparé avec des spécimens en collection par R. Cléva ; mâle photographié avec 2 autres sp. de 2 espèces différentes, soit 3 espèces sur la même photo); st. 25, islet M'tzamboro, south, 15-20 m, 1 F 5.7 x 9.7 mm (no photo), MNHN B32367, MNHN-IU-2009-1140; st. 32, islet M'tzamboro, northeast, 6-21 m, 1 M 4.2 x 7.1 mm, MNHN B32353, MNHN-IU-2009-1126 (comparé par R. Cléva à des sp. en collection MNHN); nb. a few det. from photo only.
Other records — Carpilodes caelatus - Guinot, 1958a: 86, Mayotte, 1 F 8 x 5 mm, MNHN / Not Carpilodes caelata Odhner, 1925, accepted as L. monticulosa in Serène (1984) - Liomera monticulosa - Serène, 1984: 64, Mayotte, from correction in Guinot, 1958a. - Coll. Anker & Michonneau, 2008, Mayotte, st. MAY08-St5, reef at S Pass, UF 13636. - Poupin, 2016: Expedition Juan de Nova December 2013, st6 dive (nr) (photo). - BIOTAS 2009, Juan de Nova, outer-reef, st. JDN11, JDN16, lots MEPA-00562, 756.
Remarks — Coloration of the carapace on specimens examined very variable, from almost totally red, to totally depigmented in white cream with numerous intermediate aspects (illustrated in Legall & Poupin, 2018).
Geographic and depth ranges — IWP, Red Sea, Kenya, Mayotte, Madagascar to Japan, French Polynesia, Easter Island; subtidal to about 80-120 m from unpublished observation in Austal Islands, French Polynesia (BENTHAUS Expedition, 2002, J. Poupin).

Europa data
Liomera monticulosa. - Europa, BIOTAS collections, specimens MEPA-00284, st. EURO-17, det. J. Poupin d'après photo - BIORECIE, St. 8, 1 male 2.5x3.9 mm (MNHN). Premier signalement.

Réunion data
Liomera monticulosa - Ribes, 1978 : 127 (Réunion). - Coll. BIOLAVE, 27/11/2011, shallow-waters, divers 10-30 m, det. J. Poupin based 25/01/2013.

New Caledonia data
Nouvelle Caledonie, STATION — Edwards AM, Nouv Arch MNHN 8: 229-267

Central Pacific data (Wallis & Futuna, Polynesia, Clipperton, Easter Island)
EASTER ISLAND - Liomera monticulosa - Garth, 1985: 6 (Easter Island; La Pérouse Bay, 40-100m). - FRENCH POLYNESIA - Carpilodes monticulosus - Nobili, 1907: 387 (Marutea South). - Odhner, 1925: 21, pl. 1, fig. 18 (Tahiti, Marutea South). - Liomera monticulosa - Forest & Guinot, 1962: 60 (Biogeography "Tahiti-Tuamotu"). - Guinot, 1964: 11 (Syn.); 1985: 451 (List). - Peyrot-Clausade, 1977a, annex of the species: 27; 1977b: 212; 1989: 115 (Moorea; 30m). - Poupin, 1996a: 39 (Checklist). - Liomera (Liomera) monticulosa - Serène, 1984: 64, fig. 24, pl. 6c (Syn.). - Not Carpilodes monticulosus - Rathbun, 1907: 37 (Fakarava, Makemo) = Liomera (Liomera) rugata (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) fide Serène (1984: 62). - Unpublished specimens in MNHN collection, coll. BENTHAUS Expedition 2002, det. J. Poupin October 2006 : Marotiri, st. DW1879, 52 m, 1 sp. ; Neilson reef, st. DW1917, 1 juv. ; Lotus Bank, st. DW1947, 1 sp., st. DW1948, 1 sp. ; Arago bank, st. DW1968, 100-120 m, 4 spp., st. DW1978, 120-180 m, 3 spp, st. DW1985, 100-107 m, 2 spp. ; Thiers Bank, st. DW1926, 50-90 m, 5 spp., st. DW1936, 3 spp. (photographiés) ; Tubai I., st. DW1958, 80-150 m, 2 spp., DW1959, 1 sp.; Rapa I., West, st. DW1894, 100 m, 2 spp. - AAMP, Marquesas, 2012, Leg 3, St. MQ2-B, Nuku Hiva, 20-23 m, coll. Albenga et al., sample 0439 (or 0438 check), St. MQ15-GR, Fatu Hiva, 28 m, coll. Starmer et al., sample LC150, St. MQ17-R, bank off Motane, 35-40 m, coll. Starmer et al., sample LC200, St. MQ21-R, Ua Pou, 6-10 m, coll. Starmer et al., sample LC274, St. MQ27-B, Haut Iti, 5-22 m, coll. Albenga et al., sample LC344, LC345 (juvenile). - Leray, 2012: 199, Thesis, fig. D2-V, Moorea

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database