Decapoda - Caridea - Alpheidae - Alpheus

Alpheus paracrinitus Miers, 1881



World Distribution
Alpheus shrimp database Internet (Knowlton et al., 2016) - Tropical eastern, central and western Atlantic [EA-CA-WA]: Cape Verde to Gulf of Guinea and south to Angola; Ascension Island; Bermuda and throughout Caribbean region to Panama and Brazil. - Most identifications of A. paracrinitus in the Indo-West Pacific (e.g., Banner and Banner, 1982, as A. paracrinitus and A. mitis) are erroneous.
Anker (2001, fasc. 2, p. 219) - Pantropical, reported from Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, E and S Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Maldives, Laccadives, Thailand, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, South China Sea, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia (new record, North West Shelf), Micronesia, Melanesia, French Polynesia, Hawaii, C Pacific, Clipperton, Clarion Island, Gulf of California, Mexico, Panama, Colombia, Galapagos, Caribbean Sea, Bermuda, Brazil, Ascension Island, Cape Verde Islands, Ghana. Also ?Europa. Felder et al, 0-22 m.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Associated with corals (facultative)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 0-22 m

Europa data
Alpheus paracrinitus var. bengalensis (Coutière) - Fourmanoir, 1952 : 177 (Europa).

Réunion data
Alpheus paracrinitus - Ribes, 1978 (Réunion). - Banner & Banner, 1983 : 55 (Réunion dans le matériel examiné), 149 (Réunion, 55-70 m).

Central Pacific data (Wallis & Futuna, Polynesia, Clipperton, Easter Island)
CLIPPERTON - Crangon paracrinitus - Schmitt, 1939a: 12 (Clipperton). - Alpheus paracrinitus - Chace, 1962: 609 (Clipperton). - FRENCH POLYNESIA - Alpheus paracritinus - A.H. & D.M. Banner, 1967: 278 ("BD4, BD30, various heads of corals, BD36-37" = Tahiti, "BD11, from dead heads of Porites, BD13, various living and dead corals, BD21, scattered heads of dead corals, BD25, BD28, dead coral heads" = Bora Bora, "BD34" = Moorea). - MIYA, 1974: 157, pl. 31 (Syn.). - Odinetz, 1983: 207 (Moorea, Tahiti, Takapoto; in coral Pocillopora, non obligate associate). - Odinetz-Collart & Richer de Forges, 1985: 201 (Takapoto). - Poupin, 1998: 21 (Checklist). - Anker, 2001, fasc. 2: 219 (References, distribution). - Moorea Biocode project (with aff.). - Alpheus sp. aff. paracrinitus (Pre-det. A. Anker, March 2012, from photos) - AAMP, Marquesas, 2012, Leg 3, St. MQ16-M, Fatu Hiva, intertidal, coll. Corbari et al., sample LC175.

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: Virgin Islands (Tortola, Guana, Virgin Gorda), Lesser Antilles, ICA (St Martin, Anguilla, Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Grenadines, Tobago), IOV (Los Roques). 0-22 m. ATL.
Alpheus paracrinitus - Chace, 1972: 69, Tortola, Guana, Virgin Gorda, Anguilla, Barbuda, Antigua, Grenadines, Tobago. - Carvacho, 1979: 453, Guadeloupe. - Rodríguez, 1986: tab. 2, Los Roques. - Rios, 1992: 6, Guadeloupe.
Alpheus paracrinitus - Saint Martin, RNN Inventory 2012, field det. A. Anker, UF31965, photo Dstm_2354, 11/4/2012; UF32218, photo Dstm_5826, 17/4/2012; UF32484, photo Dstm_7239, 24/4/2012. - Guadeloupe, Karubenthos 2012, det. A. Anker MNHN 2014 [with mention, in revision], MNHN-IU-2013-12065, st. GM17, 1 m, JL786; MNHN-IU-2013-12145, st. GS26, 16 m, JL1131; MNHN-IU-2013-12153, st. GB17, 13 m, JL899 [no chelipeds, A. cf. paracrinitus]; MNHN-IU-2013-12159, st. GB09, 6 m, JL595; MNHN-IU-2013-12184, st. GB35, 2 m, JL1525.
Comment: According to Knowlton et al. (2016, webpage) the species is probably restricted to the Atlantic, the Indo-West Pacific records being erroneous. At least five genetically distinct cryptic species in the Atlantic Ocean, all three having similar color patterns.
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References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database