Decapoda - Brachyura - Mithracidae - Mithrax

Mithrax verrucosus H. Milne Edwards, 1832



World Distribution
Willams (1984: 337, Smithsonian Institution Press) - Western Atlantic. United States Charleston S.C., Campeche banks, through West Indies to Brazil Fernando Noronha. - Felder et al. (2009) - 1-2 ?24 m. SCar–GMx, Antil, Brazil

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow to deep-waters (e.g. 10-190 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-24 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas, St John), ICA (St Martin, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Isla de Aves, Martinique, Barbados, Grenada, Trinidad, Tobago), IOV (Margarita, Cubagua, Blanquilla, Tortuga, Los Roques, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba). 1-24 m. WA.
Mithrax verrucosus - H. Milne Edwards, 1832: 13, pl. 4, Martinique ['Trouvé sous les pierres dans la baie Robert']. - H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1840: 321, Habite les Antilles. - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 6, Guadeloupe. - A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 102, Guadeloupe, Martinique [Le Muséum possède plusieurs exemplaires de cette espèce provenant de la Martinique et de la Guadeloupe]. - Rathbun, 1921: 83, Antigua, Barbados [Barbados-Antigua Expedition 1918].
Mithrax (Mithrax) verrucosus - Rathbun, 1924: 20, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920]. - Rathbun, 1925: 400, pl. 144, St Thomas, Guadeloupe, Curaçao. - Rathbun, 1936: 381, Bonaire, Aruba [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Chace, 1956: 160, Los Roques.
Mithrax verrucosus - Scelzo & Varela, 1988: 37, Blanquilla. - Wagner, 1990: 29, fig. 32-35, St Thomas, St John, Guadeloupe, Grenada, Trinidad, Tobago, Bonaire, Klein Bonaire, Aruba). - Garcia et al., 1998: tab. 1, Isla de Aves. - Hernández et al, 1999: tab. 2, Margarita (Laguna de Las Marites). - Marcano & Bolaños, 2001: 77, Cubagua. - Lira, 2004: tab. 1, Tortuga [Also from literature]. - Carré, 2005: 23, Martinique. - Tagliafico et al., 2005: tab. 1, Margarita (Los Frailes). - Hernández-Ávila et al., 2007: tab. 1, Cubagua. - Lira et al., 2013: Tab. 1, Margarita, Cubagua, Los Roques, Tortugua, Blanquilla, Isla de Aves. - Carmona-Suárez & Poupin, 2016: 373, St Martin, Guadeloupe, Karubenthos 2012, 1 male MNHN-IU-2013-5934 (lot JL16), 1 ov. female MNHN-IU-2013-5935 (lot JL16), 1 ov. female, 1 male MNHN-IU-2013-14662 (lot JL36-2), st. GM02, 1 m; 1 male MNHN-IU-2013-6701 (lot JL1448), st. GM34, 1 m; 1 female juv. MNHN-IU-2013-5960 (lot JL497), st. GR15, 11 m.
Mithrax verrucosus - Saint Martin, RNN Inventory 12/04/2012, UF31924, photo dSTM_2504; 25/04/2012, UF32542, photo dSTM_7587 - Martinique, photo in situ, Y. Buske, det. D. Felder.

Comment(s) on data
Species recognized at Martinique on photograph by D. Felder with this comment (21/11/2012) - I am relatively certain that the first specimen below a large, older, example of what for now can still be referred to as Mithrax verrucosus … The example below does appear to be rather worn, with many broken spines. However, it lacks the superior spines on the chela that are typical of M. spinosissimus, and it has the carapace dorsal surface paved with flatten tubercles, as is typical of M. verrucosus s. l. -

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database