Decapoda - Anomura - Coenobitidae - Coenobita

Coenobita clypeatus (Fabricius, 1787)

World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009) - Tropical Western Atlantic - Bermudas, East Florida, South Gulf Mexico. - Chace & Hobbs (1969: 126).—Southern Florida to Venezuela (Bermudas, Great Abaco I., Bimini Is., Eleuthera I., New Providence I., Andros I., Water Cay, Acklins I., Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Isla Mona, Puerto Rico, Saint Thomas, Saint Croix, Saba, Antigua I., Guadeloupe,
Dominica, Barbados, Trinidad, Isla Los Roques, Isla de Aves, Bonaire, Curagao, Aruba, Isla de Providencia, Swan Is.). Brazilian records of this species in the older literature need verification. According to Lemaitre & Tavares (2015, Zootaxa, fig. 2) this species is absent from Brazil its southernmost extension being Trinidad & Tobago.

Environnement : Land - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Land & Freshwater - Min-Max observed: 0-0 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas, St Croix, St John, Norman, Peter, Tortola, Guana, Virgin Gorda), ICA (St Martin, St Barthélemy, Saba, St Eustatius, St Kitts, Nevis, Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Isla de Aves, Dominica, Martinique, St Lucia, Barbados, Trinidad), IOV (Blanquilla, Tortuga, Los Roques, Las Aves archipelago, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba). Littoral only. WA.
Coenobita diogenes - H. Milne Edwards, 1837: 240, pl. 22, fig. 11-13, Habite les Antilles. - Pocock, 1889: 6, Dominica. - Verrill, 1892: 353, Dominica [coll. G.E. & A.H. Verrill, 1890]. Not Coenobita diogenes (Linnaeus, 1767).
Coenobita clypeatus - Rathbun, 1920a: 13, St Eustatius, Klein Bonaire, Curaçao [coll. J. Boeke, 1905]. - Schmitt, 1924b: 80, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920]. - Schmitt, 1924a:95, Antigua, Barbados. - Schmitt, 1935: 207, Culebra, St Thomas. - Schmitt, 1936: 377, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Monod, 1939: 560, Guadeloupe [Vieux Fort, route terrestre, 6/02/1936]. - Chace & Holthuis, 1948: 24, St Croix, Aves, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba [Coll. P.Hummelinck]. - Chace, 1956: 153, Los Roques. - Holthuis, 1959: 76, St Martin [Museum Philadelphia, coll. Van Rijgersma]. - Chace & Hobbs, 1969: 123, St Thomas, St Croix, Saba, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Barbados, Trinidad, Los Roques, ?Las Aves archipelago, Bonaire, Curagao, Aruba. - Hagen, 1977: 42, Trinidad. - Scelzo & Varela, 1988: 36, Blanquilla. - Garcia et al., 1998: 27, Isla de Aves, tab. 1 [Also from literature: Ralston, 1974]. - Yokoyama, 2010: 102, St Martin. - Lira, 2004: tab. 1, Tortuga. - Carré, 2005: 23, Martinique. - Questel, 2014: 11, St Barthélemy. - Lemaitre & Tavares, 2015, tab. 2, St Thomas, St Croix, St John [Nameless Cay], Norman Island [Carrot Rock], Peter Island, Tortola, Guana, Virgin Gorda [Cockroach Island], Saba, St Kitts, Nevis, Barbuda, Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia, Barbados, Trinidad, Bonaire, Curaçao [From USNM collection]. - Faasse, 2016: 52, St Eustatius. - Questel, 2019: 7, St Barthélemy.
Coenobita clypeatus - Guadeloupe - Karubenthos 2012, det. R. Lemaitre, Besse Workshop 2013, 8 spp, st. GM02, lot JL33, MNHN IU-2013-6746; 20 spp, st. GM02, lot JL31, MNHN IU-2013-6778; 1 sp, st. GM02, lot JL32, MNHN IU-2013-5341; 2 spp, st. GM04, lot JL1684, MNHN IU-2013-6758; 1 sp, st. GM04, lot JL116, MNHN IU-2013-6777; 1 sp, st. GM05, lot JL474, MNHN IU-2013-6770; 1 sp, st. GM06, lot JL258, MNHN IU-2013-6768; 1 sp, st. GM07, lot JL342, MNHN IU-2013-6760; 1 sp, st. GM16, lot JL724, MNHN IU-2013-6651 (photo); 3 spp, st. GM22, lot JL1003, MNHN IU-2013-6647; 1 sp, st. GM22, lot JL1003, MNHN IU-2013-4567; 1 sp, st. GM26, lot JL1185, MNHN IU-2013-6717; 1 sp, st. GM31, lot JL1315, MNHN IU-2013-4705.
Coenobita clypeatus - Martinique - Coenobita clypeatus, photo record, Y. Buske, April 2015.

Comment(s) on data
'Isla de Aves' in Chace & Hobbs (1969) indicated between Los Roques and Bonaire, is probably not Las Aves archipelago. A photo of the mass migration of female to the sea to lay their eggs in St Barthélemy is in Questel (2019)
To an altitude of of 887 m above sea level (Wilde 1973), in Lemaitre & Tavares (2015).

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database