Decapoda - Brachyura - Mithracidae - Damithrax

Damithrax hispidus (Herbst, 1790)



World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009) - Western Atlantic. 1-65 m. - Bermuda, Dela B, Gulf Mexico, Antilles, Brazil.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow to deep-waters (e.g. 10-190 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-65 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas, St Croix), ICA (St Martin, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Isla de Aves, Martinique, Barbados), IOV (Los Testigos, Coche, Margarita, Cubagua, Blanquilla, Los Roques, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba). 1-65 m. WA.
Mithrax hispidus - H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1840: 322, Habite les Antilles. - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 7, Guadeloupe [following de Saussure, 1858, p. 7]. - A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 93, pl. 21, fig. 1, Guadeloupe, Martinique [Cette espèce est commune sur les côtes de la Guadeloupe et de la Martinique, d'où le Muséum en a reçu de nombreux exemplaires]. - Nobili, 1898: 1, St Thomas [coll. Duchassaing]. - Rathbun, 1924: 20, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920].
Mithrax (Mithrax) hispidus - Rathbun, 1925: 406, pl. 145, 146, pl. 147, fig. 3, Curaçao, Guadeloupe [Guadeloupe from Desbonne]. - Scelzo & Varela, 1988: 37, Blanquilla. - Wagner, 1990: 17, fig. 17-23, St Thomas, St Martin/Maarten, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Tobago, Bonaire, Klein Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba, French Guiana. - Garcia et al., 1998: 27, Isla de Aves [From literature]. - Carré, 2005: 23, Martinique. - Lira et al., 2013: tab. 1, Margarita, Cubagua, Los Roques, Islote Lobos near Coche, Los Testigos, Isla de Aves.
Mithrax laevimanus Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 7, pl. 1, fig. 1-2, Guadeloupe. - A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 94, pl. 21, fig. 2, Guadeloupe [Cette espèce ressemble beaucoup au M. hispidus … n'a encore été trouvée que sur les côtes de la Guadeloupe] - Accepted as Damithrax hispidus (Herbst, 1790) in WoRMS (2016).
Mithrax (Mithrax) laevimanus - Rathbun, 1925: 419, pl. 261, Guadeloupe.
Mithrax … - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 8, pl. 2, fig. 4-5, Guadeloupe [ressemble beaucoup à M. laevimanus … commun dans la rade de Pointe à Pitre] - Accepted as Mithrax hispidus in A. Milne-Edwards (1873-1880: 93).
Mithrax depressus A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 96, pl. 20, fig. 4 (Guadeloupe). - Rathbun, 1920a: 28, St Martin, Curaçao [coll. J. Boeke]. - Rathbun, 1921: 83, Antigua [Barbados-Antigua Expedition 1918]. - Accepted as Damithrax hispidus (Herbst, 1790) in WoRMS (2016).
Mithrax caribbaeus Rathbun, 1920b: 23, St Thomas [coll. C.R. Shoemaker, July 7, 1915; horns longer and less truncate than in M. hispidus]. - Rathbun, 1921: 83, Barbados [Barbados-Antigua Expedition 1918]. - Rathbun, 1924: 20, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920]. - Rathbun, 1925: 409, pl. 148-149, St Thomas, Barbados, Curaçao. - Rathbun, 1933: 30, St Croix. - Rathbun, 1936: 381, Bonaire [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Holthuis, 1959: 76, St Martin [Museum Philadelphia, coll. Van Rijgersma]. - Hernández et al, 1999: tab. 2, Margarita [Laguna de Las Marites]. - Marcano & Bolaños, 2001: 78, Cubagua. - Carré, 2005: 23, Martinique. - Tagliafico et al., 2005: tab. 1, Margarita (Los Frailes). - Hernández-Ávila et al., 2007: tab. 1, Cubagua - Accepted as Damithrax hispidus (Herbst, 1790) in WoRMS (2016).
Damithrax hispidus - Carmona-Suárez & Poupin, 2016: 367, Guadeloupe, Karubenthos 2012, 2 females MNHN-IU-2013-4559 (lot JL1067-3), st. GB20, 1 m; 1 juv. Without chelae, MNHN-IU-2013-4980 (JL1256-4), st. GB24, 25 m; 1 female MNHN-IU-2013-4954 (lot JL1134), st. GD39, 1 m; 1 female juv., MNHN-IU-2013-14663 (lot JL36-3), st. GM02, 1 m; 1 female MNHN-IU-2013-6621 (lot JL704), st. GM11, 1 m; 1 male MNHN-IU-2013-6728 (lot JL377), st. GR11, 13 m.
Damithrax hispidus - Saint Martin, RNN Inventory 12/04/2012, UF31919, photo Dstm_2519.
Comment: Damithrax hispidus is a species complex including D. pleuracanthus and D. tortugae. These species can be difficult to recognize, especially for juveniles. Wagner (1990) consider that the two later are synonyms of D. hispidus while Windsor & Felder (2009) separate them by using both molecular biology and morphological characters

Comment(s) on data
Windsor & Felder, 2014: 160, new genus and Mithracinae elevated to Mithracidae.

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database