Decapoda - Brachyura - Mithracidae - Mithrax

Mithrax pleuracanthus Stimpson, 1871



World Distribution
Western Atlantic, probably often under Mithrax hispidus sometimes considered as a synonym. - Rathbun (1925: 411) - From North Carolina, and the Bahamas to the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Shallow water to 28 fathoms.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow to deep-waters (e.g. 10-190 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-51 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas), ICA (St Martin, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Barbados), IOV (Blanquilla, Los Roques, Bonaire, Curaçao). 1-51 m. WA.
Mithrax pleuracanthus - A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 95, pl. 20, fig. 3, Guadeloupe, Martinique [Le Muséum possède plusieurs individus de cette espèce provenant de la Martinique et de la Guadeloupe]. - Rathbun, 1921: 83, Barbados [Barbados-Antigua Expedition 1918]. - Rathbun, 1924: 20, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920]. - Scelzo & Varela, 1988: 37, Blanquilla.
Mithrax (Mithrax) pleuracanthus - Rathbun, 1925: 411, pl. 159, St Thomas, St Martin, Curaçao. - Rathbun, 1936: 381, Bonaire [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Chace, 1956: 161, Los Roques. - Lira et al., 2013: Tab. 1, Los Roques.
Damithrax pleuracanthus - Carmona-Suárez & Poupin, 2016: 368, Guadeloupe, Karubenthos 2012, 1 female juv. MNHN-IU-2013-13083 (lot JL457-2), st. GB06, 23 m; 1 female juv., MNHN-IU-2013-14658 (lot JL563-3), st. GB09, 6 m; 2 males juv., MNHN-IU-2013-13090 (lot JL1287-6), st. GD51, 15 m; 1 female juv. MNHN-IU-2013-14651 (lot JL55-3), st. GR01, 3 m; 1 male MNHN-IU-2013-5950 (lot JL88), 1 female juv. MNHN-IU-2013-13080 (JL84-2), st. GR02, 20 m.
Damithrax pleuracanthus - Saint Martin, RNN Inventory 26/04/2012, UF32556, photo Dstm_4348; UF32566, photo Dstm_4488 - Martinique, groupe BIOSPHERES, November 2015, coll. R. Ferry & Y. Buske, det. J. Poupin.
Comment: A species of the M. hispidus complex (see under that species). Wagner (1990) considers Mithrax pleuracanthus as a ‘smooth’ form of M. hispidus but the two species are separated by Windsor & Felder (2009). Generic rank of this species follows the ‘Corrigendum’ by Windsor & Felder (2017).

Comment(s) on data
This species listed under Mithrax hispidus by Felder et al. (2009) with this remark (n°304: Records include those previously reported for Mithrax caribbaeus, M. pleuracanthus, and M. tortugae, all of which were designated junior synonyms of M. hispidus by Wagner (1990); we adopt these revisions provisionally, pending their confirmation by ongoing molecular plylogenetic analyses)
Windsor & Felder, 2014: 160, new genus and Mithracinae elevated to Mithracidae.
Windsor & Felder, 2017: 237, Damithrax changed in Mithrax.

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database