Decapoda - Brachyura - Calappidae - Calappa

Calappa ocellata Holthuis, 1958

World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009) - Western Atlantic - 5-80 m. Ber, NCar–E GMx, Carib–Brazil. - Holthuis (1958) - Virgin Island (St Croix), Lesser Antilles ICA (Saba, St Martin, St Eustatius, Guadeloupe), IOV (Margarita, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba).

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Soft bottom (mud or sand)

Vertical range : Shallow to deep-waters (e.g. 10-190 m) - Min-Max observed: 5-80 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas, St Croix, St John), ICA (St Martin, St Barthélemy, Saba, St Eustatius, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique), IOV (Margarita, Tortuga, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba). 5-80 m. WA.
Calappa marmorata - H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1840 (1837): 104, Habite les Antilles. - Doflein, 1899: 182, Martinique - Probably a species of the Calappa flammea-group sensu Holthuis (1958); C. ocellata is the best candidate.
Calappa marmorata, Fabr. - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 51, Guadeloupe [MNHN dry collection n°158-159, not found in April 2014 - See Comment.
Calappa flammea - Faxon, 1896: 144, Saba Bank [R/V Blake, st. 144, 21 fathoms]. - Rathbun, 1920a: 15, St Martin, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba [coll. J. Boeke, 1905]. - Rathbun, 1936: 388, Bonaire [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Rathbun, 1937: 198, in part, St Thomas, St Croix, St John, St Martin, Saba, Dominica, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba - All these places probably not C. flammea (Herbst, 1794) but C. ocellata instead (cf. synonymy and places in Holthuis, 1958).
Calappa flammea - Rathbun, 1933: 103, in part, St Thomas [in distribution, more probably C. ocellata]. - Monod, 1939: 561, Guadeloupe (La Désirade) [Lagon, 03/1936]. - Lira, 2004: tab. 1, Tortuga. - Questel, 2014: 10, St Barthélemy. Not C. flammea (Herbst, 1794); all these records attributed herein to C. ocellata, a species of the C. flammea-group sensu Holthuis (1958) that is common in the Caribbean while C. flammea is still not reported there with certainty.
Calappa ocellata Holthuis, 1958: 147, tab. 14, St Croix, St Martin, St Eustatius, Guadeloupe, Margarita, Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba [in sp. Coll. P.W. Hummelinck]. - Carré, 2005: 23, Martinique (also Calappa sp., Calappa flammea/ocellata). - Questel, 2014: 11, St Barthélemy. - Questel, 2019: 13, St Barthélemy.
Calappa ocellata - Saint Martin, RNN Inventory, 15/04/2012, UF31918, photo dSTM_5358, 15/4/2012; 20/04/2012, UF32352, photo dSTM_6481, UF32366, photo dSTM_6661.
Calappa ocellata - Guadeloupe, Karubenthos 2012, det. E. Macpherson, Besse 2013, 1 female 34.7x49.8 mm, MNHN-IU-2013-6723, st. GM37, 2 m, JL1491, photo; ?1 juvenile, MNHN-IU-2013-4450, st. GD19, 8 m; 1 female 41.2x58.2 mm, MNHN-IU-2013-6698, st. GR38, 5 m, JL1165, photo. Re-determinations as C. ocellata by J. Poupin of specimens in Paris collection, April 2014 - Registered as C. flammea, 1 female (molting and badly preserved), MNHN-IU-2013-6702, st GM37, 2 m, JL1492 (similar to C. ocellata MNHN-IU-2013-6723 at the same station). Small specimens registered as C. sulcata that are more probably juveniles of C. ocellata: 1 sp., MNHN-IU-2013-6892, 1 sp., MNHN-IU-2013-6893, 1 sp., MNHN-IU-2013-6722, st. GD08, 35 m, JL432, photo; 6 spp. MNHN-IU-2013-4432, st. GD17, 30 m, JL612, photo (1 female 14.3x17.8 mm). Remark (August 2016): specimen MNHN-IU-2013-4449 registered in Paris as C. ocellata is in fact Cyclozodion tuberatum.
Calappa ocellata - Martinique, photo in situ, Y. Buske 2014, det. J. Poupin from photo.
Comment: The identity of Calappa marmorata is not clear. Ng et al. (2008: 49) list Calappa marmorata Weber, 1795 (nomen nudum) as 'Incertae sedis', while in H. Milne Edwards (1833-1840) and Desbonnes (1867) this species is attributed to Fabricius. In Paris MNHN several specimens of the dry collection are registered as C. marmorata (Fabricius) (MNHN-IU-2008-12828, 12833, 12834, 12835, 12839). According to place of collection and the description in Desbonnes (1867: 51) 'Quatre fortes dents angulaires sur les prolongements latéraux et deux dents larges et obtuses sur le bord postérieur de ces prolongements', these records are most probably of C. ocellata.

Comment(s) on data
Questel (2014) cite C. flammea et C. ocellata de St Barthélemy. Mis sous une seule espèce, mais sans certitude. C. flammea est peut être présent à St Barthélemy ? Présence confirmée avec photos des deux espèces dans Questel (2019).

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database