Decapoda - Brachyura - Xanthidae - Glyptoxanthus

Glyptoxanthus vermiculatus (Lamarck, 1818)



World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009, Checklist) - 1-65 m, NE GMx, Carib–S Brazil. Also Lesser Antilles, ICA (Guadeloupe). - Mendoza & Guinot (2011, Zootaxa) - .. therefore, we consider the northern limit of G. vermiculatus’ range as within the Caribbean Sea, for the moment.

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-65 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: ICA Guadeloupe), IOV (Curaçao). 1-65 m. WA.
Xantho vermiculatus - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 27, Guadeloupe [n° 94, 95, 96; Habite la Guadeloupe, trouvé au Moule, rare]
Glyptoxanthus vermiculatus - Rathbun, 1930: 266, pl. 108, fig. 4, pl. 109, Curaçao [February 10-18 , 1884, Albatross, 1 female (7589)]. - Rodríguez, 1980: 355, Guadeloupe [in distribution]. - Mendoza & Guinot, 2011: 45, fig. 9c-f, 10h, Curaçao [1 female, 32.3 × 21.2 mm (USNM 7589), coll. Albatross, 10–18 Feb. 1884].
Glyptoxanthus erosus - Rathbun, 1930: 263, pl. 107, in part Guadeloupe [Based on Xantho vermiculatus in Desbonne & Schramm, following A. Milne-Edwards (1879: 254)]. - Williams, 1965: 186, in part Guadeloupe [in distribution, following Rathbun, 1930] - These Guadeloupe records of Glyptoxanthus erosus (Stimpson, 1859) belong to G. vermiculatus instead, cf. Guinot (1979: 66).
Comment: This species can be confused with Glyptoxanthus erosus (Stimpson, 1859) with which it shares part of its distributional range. Mendoza & Guinot (2011) indicate that Glyptoxanthus erosus is distinguished from G. vermiculatus by the presence of several, small, disjunct, subcircular cavities on the cardiac region (1P) instead of two transverse, parallel furrows on 1P in G. vermiculatus. Powers (1977: 93) reports ‘Guadeloupe’ for G. erosus, but this is probably based on G. vermiculatus in Desbonne (1867), treated as a junior synonym of G. erosus by Rathbun (1930: 263).

Comment(s) on data
A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1880: 254, list Desbonne X. vermiculatus under 'Glyptoxanthus erosus'. This 'Guadeloupe record' has been followed by Rathbun (1930), then Williams (1965) but it seems that G. erosus is still unreported from Lesser Antilles, cf. Guinot (1979: 66) - Glyptoxanthus erosus (Stimpson, 1851): L'espèce est peut être présente à Cuba … mais est peut être absente de la Guadeloupe malgré les assertions d'A. Milne-Edwards (1879: 254), de Rathbun (1930: 263) et de Williams (1965: 185). - Glyptoxanthus vermiculatus (Lamarck, 1818) - En effet, les troix Xantho vermiculatus signalés par Desbonne de la Guadeloupe et qui se trouvent actuellement au Muséum, sont conformes au vermiculatus décrit par Lamarck. Il n'appartiennent pas à G. erosus (Stimpson) ainsi que l'a cru, à tort, A. Milne-Edwards en 1879 (p. 254) …

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database