Decapoda - Brachyura - Xanthidae - Xanthodius

Xanthodius parvulus (Fabricius, 1793)



World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009, Checklist) - 1-2 m. Ber, Fla Keys, Antil, nS Am, Brazil. Lesser Antilles (Guadeloupe).

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Hard bottom (rock and rubbles)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-2 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: VGI (St Thomas), ICA (Guadeloupe, Barbados), IOV (Cubagua, Curaçao, Aruba). 1-2 m. WA.
Chlorodius americanus - Stimpson, 1860: 209, Barbados [coll. T. Gill]. - Desbonne, in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867: 32, Guadeloupe [One specimen located for this work in Desbonne dry collection in Paris, MNHN B18827].
Leptodius americanus - A. Milne-Edwards, 1873-1881: 269, Antilles.
Xanthodius parvulus - H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1841: 395, Antilles [et le Brésil]. - Rathbun, 1920a: 19, Curaçao [coll. J. Boeke]. - Rathbun, 1921: 69, Barbados [Barbados-Antigua Expedition 1918]. - Rathbun, 1924: 14, Curaçao [coll. C.J. van der Horst, 1920].
Panopeus parvulus (Fabricius) - Nobili, 1898: 1, St Thomas [coll. Duchassaing].
Leptodius parvulus - Rathbun, 1930: 305, pl. 141, fig. 1-3, Barbados, Curaçao. - Rathbun, 1936: 384, Curaçao, Aruba [coll. P. Hummelinck, 1930]. - Rodríguez, 1980: 357, Curaçao [from Rathbun, 1930].
Cataleptodius parvulus - Hernández-Ávila et al., 2007: tab. 1, Cubagua.
Comment: This species is listed as Xanthodius americanus (Saussure, 1858) in Felder et al. (2009) with comments (note 421) on the taxonomic status of Xanthodius parvulus (Fabricius, 1793) and Xanthodius americanus (Saussure, 1858). This decision is based on Guinot (1968) that has designated Xanthodius americanus as the valid species, following remarks in Monod (1956). However, it is not accepted by P. Davie (Pers. com., 2017; integrated in WoRMS, 2017), with this recommendation, followed herein: ‘despite the fact that no one appears to have subsequently found and/or redescribed the types of Xanthodius parvulus, there does seem to be general agreement that the two species are definitely synonyms, and therefore simple priority must apply, thus Xanthodius parvulus (Fabricius, 1793) is the older and senior available name for Chlorodius americanus Saussure, 1857’.

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database