Decapoda - Caridea - Alpheidae - Salmoneus

Salmoneus carvachoi Anker, 2007



World Distribution
Anker (2007: 29, Zootaxa) - littoral-22 m. Western Atlantic: French Antilles: Guadeloupe (Carvacho, 1979, as S. ortmanni; present study); Brazil: São Paulo, Paraná, possibly also Pernambuco and Sergipe (Coelho & Ramos, 1972, as Salmoneus sp.; Christoffersen, 1982, 1998, as S. ortmanni). The species reported as “S. aff. ortmanni” from southwestern Gulf of Mexico, from Veracruz to Yucatan (Hernández Aguilera et al., 1996) may also refer to S. carvachoi n. sp., as well as part of Chace’s (1972) material from the Caribbean. Also from Mexico (Yucatan Peninsula: Quintana Roo) and new localities in northeastern Brazil (Pernambuco and Paraíba) in Anker (2010: 201, Zootaxa)

Environnement : Brackish - Substrat/Association : Soft bottom (mud or sand)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 0-22 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: Lesser Antilles, ICA (Guadeloupe, Martinique), IOV (Margarita). 0-22 m. WA.
Salmoneus ortmanni - Carvacho, 1979: 453, Guadeloupe - Not Salmoneus ortmanni (Rankin, 1898).
Salmoneus carvachoi Anker, 2007: 27, Guadeloupe [Holotype: 1 non-ovig. Specimen (male?), MNHN-Na 13680, Guadeloupe, estuary of Rivière Lézarde, dredge (“chalutage”) between estuary and canal, time: 15.40, coll. Rojas-Hostache, 13 June 1977. Paratypes: 1 ovig. Female, MNHN-Na 2699, Guadeloupe, M 42.1, coll. and det. (as Salmoneus ortmanni) A. Carvacho, 27 Jan 1977; 1 non-ovigerous specimen (male?), MNHN-Na 2669, Guadeloupe, M 32.5, coll. and det. (as Salmoneus ortmanni) A. Carvacho, 27 Jan 1977 (dissected)]. - Anker & Lazarus, 2015b: 521, Martinique [1 ov. Specimen (cl 4.4 mm), 1 non-ov. Specimen (cl 4.3 mm), MZUSP 23523, French Antilles, Martinique, Trou Manuel, vii.2008]. - Vera-Caripe et al., 2015: 348, Margarita.
Comment: Sister species in EP is Salmoneus malagensis Anker & Lazarus, 2015b.

Comment(s) on data
Anker (2007, Zootaxa) - This species is probably confined to estuaries of brackish mangrove rivers and is able to tolerate low salinities (Carvacho, 1979; Christoffersen, 1982)

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database