Decapoda - Brachyura - Leucosiidae - Persephona

Persephona mediterranea (Herbst, 1794)

World Distribution
Felder et al. (2009) - <4-55 m. NJer–GMx, Carib–Brazil - Magalhães et al., 2016 - Western Atlantic: Eastern Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Antilles, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil to Uruguay

Environnement : Marine - Substrat/Association : Soft bottom (mud or sand)

Vertical range : Shallow-waters (0-100 m) - Min-Max observed: 1-55 m

Lesser Antilles data
Distribution: ICA (Guadeloupe), IOV (Margarita). 4-55 m. WA.
Guaia punctata - H. Milne Edwards, 1837: 127, Habite les Antilles - In part not Persephona punctata (Linnaeus, 1758) but Persephona mediterranea (Herbst, 1794) fide Magalhães et al. (2016).
Persephona mediterranea - Powers, 1977: 39, Guadeloupe [From unidentied reference]. - Human et al., 2013: 132, Lesser Antilles [see comment]. - Magalhães et al., 2016: online version, 'Antilles' [1 male OUMNH 13775, ?Lesser Antilles].
Persephona aquilonaris - Taissoun, 1986-1988: 132, Margarita - Not Persephona aquilonaris Rathbun, 1933, corrected herein into Persephona mediterranea (Herbst, 1794) based on color pattern illustrated in Taissoun (1986-1988: 133) which matches very well color pattern of P. mediterranea as illustrated in Magalhães et al., 2016 (Fig. 6D-F). Persephona aquilonaris has a different color pattern (also illustrated in Magalhães et al. (2016, Fig. 6A-C).
Comment: The color pattern of the specimen photographed in Human et al. (2013), probably from the Gulf of Mexico, seems to be that of Persephona aquilonaris Rathbun, 1933 rather than of P. mediterranea (based on color photographs in Magalhães et al., 2016, fig. 6). According to Magalhães et al. (2016), P. aquilonaris and P. mediterranea should be treated as separate species. In general, P. aquilonaris applies to most populations distributed from New Jersey to Texas, with P. mediterranea applying to primarily those populations known to be distributed from the Antilles and Caribbean through southern Brazil, albeit with a slight overlap of the two species in tropical waters of the eastern Gulf of Mexico.

References : PDF list, 214 pp (1.4 Mo)

This species in Worms Database